Tuesday, July 1, 2008

30 WinRunner Interview Questions

30 WinRunner Interview Questions
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Which scripting language used by WinRunner ?

WinRunner uses TSL-Test Script Language (Similar to C)

What’s the WinRunner ?

WinRunner is Mercury Interactive Functional Testing Tool.

How many types of Run Modes are available in WinRunner ?

WinRunner provide three types of Run Modes.
Verify Mode
Debug Mode
Update Mode

What’s the Verify Mode ?

In Verify Mode, WinRunner compare the current result of application to it’s expected result.

What’s the Debug Mode ?

In Debug Mode, WinRunner track the defects in a test script.

What’s the Update Mode?

In Update Mode, WinRunner update the expected results of test script.

How many types of recording modes available in WinRunner ?

WinRunner provides two types of Recording Mode:
Context Sensitive
Analog

What’s the Context Sensitive recording ?

WinRunner captures and records the GUI objects, windows, keyboard inputs, and mouse click activities through Context Sensitive Recording.

When Context Sensitive mode is to be chosen ?

a. The application contains GUI objects
b. Does not require exact mouse movements.

What’s the Analog recording ?

It captures and records the keyboard inputs, mouse click and mouse movement. It’s not captures the GUI objects and Windows.

When Analog mode is to be chosen ?

a. The application contains bitmap areas.
b. Does require exact mouse movements.

What are the components of WinRunner ?

a. Test Window : This is a window where the TSL script is generated/programmed.
b. GUI Spy tool : WinRunner lets you spy on the GUI objets by recording the Properties.

Where are stored Debug Result ?

Debug Results are always saved in debug folder.

What’s WinRunner testing process ?

WinRunner involves six main steps in testing process.
Create GUI map
Create Test
Debug Test
Run Test
View Results
Report Defects

What’s the GUI SPY ?

You can view the physical properties of objects and windows through GUI SPY.

How many types of modes for organizing GUI map files ?

WinRunner provides two types of modes-
Global GUI map files
Per Test GUI map files

What’s the contained in GUI map files ?

GUI map files stored the information, it learns about the GUI objects and windows.

How does WinRunner recognize objects on the application ?

WinRunner recognize objects on the application through GUI map files.

What’s the difference between GUI map and GUI map files ?

The GUI map is actually the sum of one or more GUI map files.

How do you view the GUI map content ?

We can view the GUI map content through GUI map editor.

What’s the checkpoint ?

Checkpoint enables you to check your application by comparing it’s expected results of application to actual results.

What’s the Execution Arrow ?

Execution Arrow indicates the line of script being executed.

What’s the Insertion Point ?

Insertion point indicates the line of script where you can edit and insert the text.

What’s the Synchronization ?

Synchronization is enables you to solve anticipated timing problems between test and application.

What’s the Function Generator ?

Function Generator provides the quick and error free way to add TSL function on the test script.

How many types of checkpoints are available in WinRunner ?

WinRunner provides four types of checkpoints-
GUI Checkpoint
Bitmap Checkpoint
Database Checkpoint
Text Checkpoint

What’s contained in the Test Script ?

Test Script contained the Test Script Language.

How do you modify the logical name or the physical description of the objects in GUI map ?

We can modify the logical name or the physical description of the objects through GUI map editor.

What are the Data Driven Test ?

When you want to test your application, you may want to check how it performance same operation with the multiple sets of data.

How do you record a Data Driven Test ?

We can create a Data Driven Test through Flat Files, Data Tables, and Database.

How do you clear a GUI map files ?

We can clear the GUI map files through “CLEAR ALL” option.

What are the steps of creating a Data Driven Test ?

Data Driven Testing have four steps-
Creating test
Converting into Data Driven Test
Run Test
Analyze test

What is Rapid Test Script Wizard ?

It performs two tasks.
a. It systematically opens the windows in your application and learns a description of every GUI object. The wizard stores this information in a GUI map file.
b. It automatically generates tests base on the information it learned as it navigated through the application.

What are the different modes in learning an application under Rapid test script wizard ?

a. Express
b. Comprehensive.

What’s the extension of GUI map files ?

GUI map files extension is “.gui”.

What statement generated by WinRunner when you check any objects ?

Obj_check_gui statement.

What statement generated by WinRunner when you check any windows ?

Win_check_gui statement

What statement generated by WinRunner when you check any bitmap image over the objects ?

Obj_check_bitmap statement

What statement generated by WinRunner when you check any bitmap image over the windows ?

Win_check_bitmap statement

What statement used by WinRunner in Batch Testing ?

“Call” statement.

Which short key is used to freeze the GUI Spy ?

“Ctrl+F3″

How many types of parameter used by WinRunner ?

WinRunner provides three types of Parameter-
Test
Data Driven
Dynamic

How many types of Merging used by WinRunner ?

WinRunner used two types of Merging-
Auto
Manual

What’s the Virtual Objects Wizard ?

Whenever WinRunner is not able to read an objects as an objects then it uses the Virtual Objects Wizard.

How do you handle unexpected events and errors ?

WinRunner uses the Exception Handling function to handle unexpected events and errors.

How do you comment your script ?

We comment script or line of the script by inserting “#” at the beginning of script line.

What’s the purpose of the Set_Windows command ?

Set_Window command set the focus to the specified windows.

How you created your test script ?

Programming.

What’s a command to invoke application?

Invoke_application

What do you mean by the logical name of objects ?

Logical name of an objects is determined by it’s class but in most cases, the logical name is the label that appear on an objects.

How many types of GUI checkpoints ?

In Winrunner, three types of GUI checkpoints-
For Single Properties
For Objects/Windows
For Multiple Objects

How many types of Bitmap Checkpoints ?

In Winrunner, two types of Bitmap Checkpoints-
For Objects/Windows
For Screen Area

How many types of Database Checkpoints ?

In Winrunner, three types of Database Checkpoints-
Default Check
Custom Check
Runtime Record Check

How many types of Text Checkpoints ?

In Winrunner, four types of Text Checkpoints-
For Objects/Windows
From Screen Area
From Selection (Web Only)
Web text Checkpoints


What add-ins are available for WinRunner ?

Add-ins are available for Java, ActiveX, WebTest, Siebel, Baan, Stingray, Delphi, Terminal Emulator, Forte, NSDK/Natstar, Oracle and PowerBuilder.

Notes:

* Winrunner generates menu_select_item statement whenever you select any menu items.
* Winrunner generates set_window statement whenever you begin working in new window.
* Winrunner generates edit_set statement whenever you enter keyboard inputs.
* Winrunner generates obj_mouse_click statement whenever you click any object through mouse pointer.
* Winrunner generates obj_wait_bitmap or win_wait_bitmap statements whenever you synchronize the script through objects or windows.
* The ddt_open statement opens the table.
* The ddt_close statement closes the table.
* Winrunner inserts a win_get_text or obj_get_text statements in script for checking the text.
* The button_press statement press the buttons.
* Winrunner generates list_item_select statement whenever you want to select any value in drop-down menu.
* We can compare the two files in Winruuner using the file_compare function.
* tl_step statement used to determine whether section of a test pass or fail.
* Call_Close statement close the test when the test is completed


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